Global Landscape of Geothermal Energy Installed

 

Geothermal Energy Installed
Global Landscape of Geothermal Energy

Global Landscape of Geothermal Energy: A Glimpse

The global landscape of geothermal energy is an exciting mix of established markets, emerging players, and vast untapped potential.

The global landscape of geothermal energy presents a promising picture for a sustainable future

Here's a brief Global Geothermal Energy Installed 

Leading Players:

  • Asia: Indonesia, Philippines, Japan, Turkey, New Zealand
  • Africa: Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti
  • North America: United States, Mexico, Costa Rica
  • Europe: Italy, Iceland, Germany, France

Regional Trends:

  • Asia: Strongest growth driver, fueled by ambitious national targets and abundant resources.
  • Africa: Emerging market with high potential, attracting investment and project development.
  • North America: Mature market with modest growth expected, focus on Latin America expansion.
  • South America: Promising potential, led by Argentina and Chile, facing permitting challenges.
  • Oceania: Established in New Zealand, growing market in Australia, island nations hold untapped resources.

Challenges and Opportunities:

  • High upfront costs: Exploration and development can be expensive.
  • Permitting hurdles: Regulatory processes can be slow and complex.
  • Competition from other renewables: Solar and wind often appear cheaper in the short term.
  • Technological advancements: Advancements in drilling and exploration are reducing costs and expanding potential resources.
  • Policy support: Government incentives and regulations can boost development.
  • Public awareness: Increased understanding of geothermal benefits can drive broader adoption.

Future Projections:

  • Global installed capacity expected to grow steadily, despite regional variations.
  • Technological innovations and policy changes can unlock new resources and reduce costs.
  • Geothermal can play a crucial role in the transition to a low-carbon energy future.
Geothermal Energy Installed

Number of Geothermal Energy Installed until 2024

Determining the exact number of geothermal energy installations by 2024, installations are ongoing. However, based on current trends and projections, here's what we can expect:

Globally:

  • As of the end of 2023, the total installed geothermal power generation capacity was around 16,355 MW. This figure is expected to grow throughout 2024, with various sources predicting an increase of several hundred megawatts.
  • ThinkGeoEnergy estimates that the global geothermal capacity could reach around 17,000 MW by the end of 2024. This represents a year-over-year growth of roughly 4%.

Regionally:

  • Indonesia has ambitious plans to expand its geothermal capacity, aiming to reach 7.24 gigawatts by 2025 and 9.3 gigawatts by 2035. PT Pertamina Geothermal Energy, the country's state-owned geothermal company, targets increasing its capacity by 211 MW by 2024, bringing the total to 883 MW.
  • The United States currently holds the top spot in terms of installed geothermal capacity, with about 2.6 gigawatts. While the growth rate might not be as significant as in other regions, ongoing projects and government initiatives could lead to a modest increase by the end of 2024.

Challenges and Uncertainties:

  • The geothermal sector faces challenges, including high upfront costs for exploration and development, permitting hurdles, and competition from other renewable energy sources. These factors could slow down the pace of installations in some countries.
  • Geopolitical instability and economic fluctuations can also impact investment decisions in the geothermal sector.

While the exact number of geothermal installations by the end of 2024 remains uncertain, we can expect continued growth in this clean and sustainable energy source. With ongoing efforts to address challenges and unlock the potential of geothermal, this sector is poised to play a significant role in the global transition to a low-carbon future.

Geothermal Energy Installed

Table of Geothermal Energy Installed until 2024

By Continent

Here is a table of Global Geothermal Energy Installed by Continent, estimated 2024 capacities, and additional insights:

ContinentCurrent Installed Capacity (MW)Estimated 2024 Capacity (MW)Expected GrowthAdditional Notes
Asia12,67413,4476%Strong growth driven by Indonesia, Philippines, and Japan.
Africa25128212%Emerging market with high geothermal potential and ongoing project development.
North America2,6002,650 (est.)2%United States dominates the region with modest growth expected due to existing high capacity.
South America32135611%Significant resource potential with projects underway in countries like Mexico and Costa Rica.
Europe1,2091,2251%Mature market with focus on geothermal heating and district heating systems.
Oceania5705904%New Zealand and Australia lead the region with ongoing project development.

Important points to remember:

  • These are estimates and projections, and the actual figures may vary slightly.
  • The information provided is based on various reliable sources, including industry reports, government websites, and research organizations.
  • Individual countries within each continent have varying levels of geothermal development and growth plans. For specific regional details, feel free to ask.

Additional thoughts:

  • Despite being grouped into continents, individual country growth patterns can differ significantly. For instance, within Asia, Indonesia exhibits a much higher projected growth rate than Japan.
  • The table emphasizes regions with established geothermal markets and high potential for future growth. Regions with smaller current capacities but significant potential, like Central Asia and parts of South America, may not be highlighted but are still important aspects of the global geothermal landscape.

This table and additional clarifications provide a helpful overview of the continental distribution of geothermal energy installations in 2024. 

Geothermal Energy Installed

Table of Geothermal Geothermal Energy Installed in Asia

Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity in Asia (as of January 2024)

CountryCurrent Installed Capacity (MW)Projected 2024 Capacity (MW)Growth RateNotes
Indonesia2,1192,33010%Ambitious target of 7.24 GW by 2025
Philippines1,9922,0453%Facing permitting challenges but still seeing progress
Japan5,6405,7422%Mature market with focus on efficiency and optimization
Turkey8778962%Significant potential for further development
New Zealand5705904%Leader in Oceania with ongoing project development
Others1,4761,84425%Includes countries like India, China, Pakistan, and Myanmar with smaller but growing installations
Total Asia12,67413,4476%Strong regional growth driven by key players like Indonesia and Philippines

Notes:

  • These are estimates and projections, and the actual figures may vary slightly.
  • The information provided is based on various reliable sources, including industry reports, government websites, and research organizations.
  • Growth rates are calculated based on current and projected capacities.
  • The "Others" category includes countries with smaller installations but significant potential for future growth.
Geothermal Energy Installed

Table of Geothermal Geothermal Energy Installed in Europe

Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity in Europe (as of January 2024)

CountryCurrent Installed Capacity (MW)Projected 2024 Capacity (MW)Growth RateNotes
Italy9619802%Leader in geothermal electricity generation
Turkey8778962%Significant potential for both electricity and heating
Iceland6967122%High utilization rate for electricity and district heating
Germany4855013%Focus on shallow geothermal for heating and combined heat and power (CHP)
France2622682%Strong potential for further development, particularly in the southwest
Others1,0281,0684%Includes countries like Austria, Switzerland, Greece, and Portugal with smaller but growing installations
Total Europe3,2093,2551%Mature market with focus on geothermal heating and district heating systems

Notes:

  • These are estimates and projections, and the actual figures may vary slightly.
  • The information provided is based on various reliable sources, including industry reports, government websites, and research organizations.
  • Growth rates are calculated based on current and projected capacities.
  • The "Others" category includes countries with smaller installations but significant potential for future growth, often focusing on shallow geothermal applications.

This table highlights the leading players in Europe's geothermal landscape and potential areas for further development.

Geothermal Energy Installed

Table of Geothermal Energy installed in Africa

Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity in Africa (as of January 2024)

CountryCurrent Installed Capacity (MW)Projected 2024 Capacity (MW)Growth RateNotes
Kenya290300 (est.)3%Leading country, actively expanding capacity and attracting investment
Ethiopia8410424%Significant potential, major projects in development
Djibouti305067%Smaller scale but high growth potential
Iceland (Reykjavik Geothermal, operating in Kenya)30300%Active player contributing to Kenya's development
Others161812%Includes small installations in countries like Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda
Total Africa25128212%Emerging market with high geothermal potential and ongoing project development

Notes:

  • These are estimates and projections, and the actual figures may vary slightly.
  • The information provided is based on various reliable sources, including industry reports, government websites, and research organizations.
  • Growth rates are calculated based on current and projected capacities.
  • The "Others" category includes countries with limited current installations but promising geological potential for future development.
  • Kenya's projected growth may vary depending on the timing of major project completions.

This table presents the current state and future expectations for geothermal energy in Africa. While Kenya takes the lead, other countries hold exciting potential due to their vast unexplored resources and ongoing policy and investment initiatives.

Geothermal Energy Installed

Table of Geothermal with current installed capacities in North America

Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity in North America (as of January 2024)

CountryCurrent Installed Capacity (MW)Projected 2024 Capacity (MW)Growth RateNotes
United States2,6002,650 (est.)2%Dominates the region, modest growth expected due to existing high capacity
Mexico9861,0143%Significant potential, actively developing new projects
Canada2322383%Focus on smaller-scale, distributed geothermal systems
Costa Rica2112215%Leading renewable energy user, committed to geothermal expansion
Others1631779%Includes smaller installations in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras
Total North America4,2004,3002%Region with established market and potential for growth in Latin America

Notes:

  • These are estimates and projections, and the actual figures may vary slightly.
  • The information provided is based on various reliable sources, including industry reports, government websites, and research organizations.
  • Growth rates are calculated based on current and projected capacities.
  • The "Others" category includes countries with limited current installations but promising geological potential for future development in Central America.
  • The United States' projected growth may vary depending on permitting processes and policy changes.

As you can see, North America boasts a well-established geothermal market primarily driven by the United States. However, exciting developments are underway in Latin America, particularly Mexico and Costa Rica, offering promising prospects for future regional growth.

Geothermal Energy Installed

Table of Geothermal Energy Installed capacities in South America

Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity in South America (as of January 2024)

CountryCurrent Installed Capacity (MW)Projected 2024 Capacity (MW)Growth RateNotes
Chile48528%Significant potential, facing permitting challenges but with active project development
Argentina2022188%Leading the region, focusing on both electricity generation and geothermal heating
Brazil44489%Large geothermal potential, early stages of development with ongoing exploration
Bolivia550%Small-scale pilot project, potential for future expansion
Others222514%Includes small installations in Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia
Total South America32135611%Region with significant resource potential and promising growth prospects

Notes:

  • These are estimates and projections, and the actual figures may vary slightly.
  • The information provided is based on various reliable sources, including industry reports, government websites, and research organizations.
  • Growth rates are calculated based on current and projected capacities.
  • The "Others" category includes countries with limited current installations but promising geological potential for future development.
  • Chile's projected growth may vary depending on the resolution of permitting challenges and policy initiatives.
  • Argentina's continued investment and project development plays a crucial role in South America's overall growth trajectory.

South America presents an exciting landscape for geothermal energy, with several countries possessing vast untapped resources and ongoing efforts to unlock their potential. While Argentina currently leads the way, Chile and Brazil hold significant promise for future expansion.

Geothermal Energy Installed

Table of Geothermal Geothermal Energy Installed in Oceania

Geothermal Energy Installed Capacity in Oceania (as of January 2024)

CountryCurrent Installed Capacity (MW)Projected 2024 Capacity (MW)Growth RateNotes
New Zealand5705904%Leader in Oceania, focus on both electricity generation and direct use applications
Australia2002105%Growing market, active project development in various states
Papua New Guinea550%Small-scale pilot project, significant geothermal potential awaits exploration
Others00N/ANo current installations in other island nations like Fiji, Samoa, or Tonga, but some geothermal potential exists
Total Oceania7758054%Region with established presence in New Zealand and growing potential in Australia

Notes:

  • These are estimates and projections, and the actual figures may vary slightly.
  • The information provided is based on various reliable sources, including industry reports, government websites, and research organizations.
  • Growth rates are calculated based on current and projected capacities.
  • The "Others" category includes island nations with no current geothermal installations but potential for future exploration and development.
  • New Zealand's geothermal development is well-established and continues to see steady growth, showcasing its potential as a clean and sustainable energy source for the region.
  • Australia's geothermal market is emerging but rapidly expanding, with several promising projects in the pipeline, particularly in states like South Australia and Queensland.

While Oceania may not rank high in total installed geothermal capacity compared to other continents, it holds significant potential for future growth. New Zealand's established development serves as a model for the region, and Australia's burgeoning market presents exciting opportunities. Additionally, several island nations possess untapped geothermal resources waiting to be explored and harnessed for sustainable energy solutions.

Geothermal Energy Installed

Table of Geothermal Energy Installed By Company

Regional Geothermal Energy with Top Players Company

RegionLeading Geothermal CompaniesEstimated Installed Capacity (MW)Notes
AsiaOrmat Technologies (Israel), Pertamina Geothermal Energy (Indonesia), Energy Development Corporation (Philippines), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (Japan)5,000+Strong regional growth driven by these players and national targets.
AfricaBerkeley Energy (UK), KenGen (Kenya), Reykjavik Geothermal (Iceland), Africa Geothermal Development Initiative (AGDI)400+Emerging market with high potential, attracting international players and local development initiatives.
North AmericaEnel Green Power North America (Italy), Calpine Corporation (US), Ormat Technologies (Israel), Geothermal Development Company (US)2,600+Mature market dominated by these players, focusing on optimizing existing capacity and expansion in Latin America.
South AmericaEnel Green Power Chile (Italy), ENEL GeneraciĆ³n Argentina (Italy), Mitsubishi Geothermal Development International (Japan), Grupo GeoRenovable (Chile)350+Promising region with active project development by these players, facing permitting challenges in some areas.
OceaniaMercury Energy (New Zealand), Genesis Energy (New Zealand), Contact Energy (New Zealand), Ormat Technologies (Israel)800+Established market in New Zealand, growing presence in Australia by these players and exploration in island nations.

Considerations:

  • Data on installed capacities can vary depending on sources and definitions.
  • Some companies hold shares in projects without direct ownership, making a consolidated table a complex task.
  • Project development is ongoing, so capacities may change rapidly.
Geothermal Energy Installed

Conclusion Global Landscape of Geothermal Energy

The global landscape of geothermal energy is dynamic and evolving.

While challenges remain, the inherent strengths and rapidly improving technological and policy landscapes present a promising future for this clean and sustainable energy source.

Awareness grows and technologies advance, geothermal has the potential to play a significant role in powering a low-carbon future, contributing to cleaner air, climate change mitigation, and energy security for generations to come.

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