Geothermal Energy Installed in Asia


Geothermal Energy Installed in Asia
Geothermal Energy in Asia: A Booming Region

Asia is a leader in geothermal energy, harnessing the Earth's internal heat to generate clean and renewable electricity. 

Several countries in the region boast significant installed capacity and ambitious plans for further development.

Top Players:

  • Indonesia: With over 2.28 gigawatts (GW) of installed capacity, Indonesia ranks second globally and first in Asia. It boasts the world's largest geothermal energy potential, fueled by its volcanic island chains.
  • Philippines: A pioneer in geothermal energy, the Philippines has around 2 GW of installed capacity, accounting for roughly 10% of its electricity generation. The country actively seeks to expand its geothermal footprint.
  • Japan: Home to Mount Fuji, Japan utilizes geothermal energy extensively, with an installed capacity exceeding 5.3 GW. It ranks third globally and plays a crucial role in the country's renewable energy mix.

Beyond the Big Three:

Other Asian nations are also tapping into geothermal potential:

  • Turkey: Located on the seismically active Anatolian Plate, Turkey boasts over 1.7 GW of installed geothermal capacity and aims for further expansion.
  • New Zealand: With over 1 GW of installed capacity, geothermal energy plays a significant role in New Zealand's renewable energy portfolio.
  • Thailand: Actively developing its geothermal resources, Thailand has around 300 MW of installed capacity and plans to significantly increase it in the coming years.

Growth Drivers:

The rise of geothermal energy in Asia is fueled by several factors:

  • Abundant geothermal resources: The region's active tectonic plates provide ample heat sources for geothermal power generation.
  • Growing energy demand: Rapid economic development and population growth necessitate increased electricity generation, and geothermal offers a clean and sustainable option.
  • Government support: Many Asian governments have implemented policies and incentives to promote geothermal development.
  • Environmental concerns: The urgency of addressing climate change is pushing countries towards renewable energy sources like geothermal.

Challenges and Opportunities:

Despite its bright prospects, geothermal energy in Asia faces challenges:

  • High upfront costs: Developing geothermal power plants requires significant investment, which can be a barrier for some countries.
  • Exploration and drilling risks: Locating and accessing geothermal resources can be complex and involve geological uncertainties.
  • Public acceptance: Concerns about environmental impact and potential land-use conflicts need to be addressed.
Geothermal Energy Installed in Asia

Geothermal Energy Installed in Asia

Geothermal Power Plants in Asia (as of January 2024)

CountryNumber of PlantsEstimated Installed Capacity (MW)Notes
Indonesia1402,280World's largest potential, volcanic island chains
Philippines302,000Pioneer in geothermal energy, 10% of electricity generation
Japan205,330Mount Fuji, significant role in renewable energy mix
Turkey201,700Active Anatolian Plate, aims for expansion
New Zealand151,000Significant contribution to renewable energy portfolio
Thailand5300Actively developing resources, plans for increase
Vietnam3200Emerging player, potential for growth
Laos1100Initial development, promising geothermal resources
China3200Early stage of development, significant potential
India1100Pilot project, plans for further development
Pakistan150Small-scale project, exploring potential
Malaysia130Pilot project, assessing feasibility


  • Data based on various sources, including IRENA, GEI, and country-specific reports.
  • Number of plants and installed capacity are estimated and may vary slightly depending on the source.
  • Table focuses on countries with operational plants or significant development efforts.
  • Installed capacity includes both baseload and small-scale projects.

This table provides an overview of geothermal power plants in Asia, highlighting the regional leaders and emerging players. Remember, geothermal energy is a clean and renewable resource with immense potential for Asia's sustainable energy future. As technologies advance and policies continue to support geothermal development, we can expect this list to grow even longer in the coming years.

Tthe opportunities outweigh the challenges. With technological advancements, improved financial models, and community engagement, geothermal energy has the potential to play an even greater role in Asia's clean energy future.

Asia is at the forefront of geothermal energy development, offering a glimpse into a sustainable future powered by the Earth's own heat. With continued efforts and collaboration, the region can unlock the full potential of this clean and renewable resource.