Peru Wind Energy Landscape


Peru Wind Energy Landscape

Table of Wind Energy Landscape in Peru

Resource Potential* Abundant wind resources along the coast and in the Andes mountains ( wind energy country analyses peru) * Regions with high potential: Ancash, Amazonas, Arequipa, Cajamarca, Ica, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Piura (all with potential exceeding 1 GW) (Mordor Intelligence: wind energy market in peru size share and industry analysis)
Installed Capacity* Total installed wind energy capacity as of December 2022: 13,419.8 MW (MDPI: renewable energy from wind farm power plants in peru recent advances challenges and future perspectives)
Market Trends* Increasing demand for renewable energy driving growth * Falling costs of wind power generation * Government focus on shifting from fossil fuels (Mordor Intelligence: peru wind energy market size) * Competition from other renewables like solar and hydro
Existing Wind Farms* Examples: Cupisnique (La Libertad), Talara (Piura), Duna & Huambos (Cajamarca), San Juan de Marcona & Tres Hermanas (Ica) (MDPI: renewable energy from wind farm power plants in peru recent advances challenges and future perspectives)

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

History of Wind Energy Development in Peru

Peru's journey with wind energy can be broadly divided into three phases:

Early Exploration (1990s):

  • The 1990s saw the initial exploration of wind energy potential in Peru.
  • Pilot projects with just a few turbines were installed to assess the feasibility and resource availability (Siemens Gamesa: Siemens Gamesa to supply turbines at Peru's largest wind farm for core customer ENGIE).

Slow Progress and Policy Shifts (2000s):

  • The early 2000s saw a slowdown in wind energy development.
  • While there wasn't much progress on large-scale projects, a key turning point came with the TECH4CDM project (2008-2009) ( Wind Energy In PERU).
    • This EU-funded initiative promoted renewable energy technologies, including wind, and analyzed clean development mechanisms to attract investment.

Growth and Focus on Renewables (2007 - Present):

  • A significant shift happened around 2007.
    • The government's focus on diversifying the energy mix and reducing reliance on fossil fuels opened doors for wind energy.
    • Large-scale wind farm projects started to be developed.
  • Key aspects of this growth phase include:
    • Increased investment and land concessions for wind farm development.
    • Decreasing costs of wind turbine technology making it more attractive.
    • Growing awareness of environmental benefits of wind energy.
  • Recent developments:
    • Peru has set a goal of reaching 15% clean power generation by 2030, with wind expected to play a significant role (Siemens Gamesa source above).
    • New wind farms like San Juan de Marcona and Tres Hermanas are coming online, increasing installed capacity (MDPI: renewable energy from wind farm power plants in peru recent advances challenges and future perspectives)

Looking Ahead:

  • The future of wind energy in Peru looks promising.
  • With advancements in technology, decreasing costs, and government support, wind power is expected to continue growing and contribute to a cleaner energy future for the country.

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

Detailed Look at Wind Energy in Peru

Here's a more specific breakdown of Peru's wind energy landscape:

Resource Potential:

  • High Wind Areas: The coast, particularly in the regions of Ica, La Libertad, Piura, and Lambayeque, boasts strong and consistent winds perfect for wind farms (MDPI: renewable energy from wind farm power plants in peru recent advances challenges and future perspectives).
  • Andean Potential: Studies suggest wind potential also exists in the Andes at higher elevations, but further research and infrastructure development are needed ( wind energy country analyses peru).

Installed Capacity Breakdown:

  • Total Capacity (as of Dec. 2022): 13,419.8 MW (MDPI source above). However, this is a small portion of Peru's overall energy generation (around 3%).
  • Growth Projection: Significant growth is expected. Forecasts suggest wind power could reach 13% of total installed capacity by 2035 ( wind power in peru).

Market Trends & Challenges:

  • Drivers:
    • Increasing demand for clean energy to diversify the grid and reduce reliance on fossil fuels (Mordor Intelligence: peru wind energy market size).
    • Decreasing wind power generation costs make it more competitive.
    • Government support for renewables.
  • Challenges:
    • Transmission infrastructure needs improvement to integrate wind farms into the national grid, especially for remote areas.
    • Competition from established hydropower and growing solar energy sectors.
    • Social and environmental considerations regarding wind farm development in certain locations.

Examples of Existing Wind Farms:

  • Cupisnique: La Libertad region (MDPI source above).
  • Talara: Piura region (MDPI source above).
  • Duna & Huambos: Cajamarca region (MDPI source above).
  • San Juan de Marcona & Tres Hermanas: Ica region (MDPI source above).
  • Wayra I: Ica region, currently the largest wind farm in Peru (Enel Peru: Wayra I: the energy of the wind driving a new era).

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

Wind Energy Landscape in Peru: Policy and Regulation

Peru's wind energy sector thrives under a framework of policies and regulations that incentivize development while ensuring responsible practices. Let's delve into the key aspects:

Policy Drivers:

  • National Renewable Energy Policy (2006): Establishes a long-term vision for fostering renewable energy sources, including wind. Sets ambitious targets for increasing renewable energy's contribution to the national grid.
  • Law for the Promotion of Investment in Renewable Energy Resources (Legislative Decree No. 1002, 2008): Provides the legal foundation for renewable energy projects, offering attractive incentives such as:
    • Tax breaks
    • Accelerated depreciation (up to 20% per year)
    • Simplified permitting processes

Regulatory Framework:

The Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) is the central governing body for the energy sector, including wind energy. MEM establishes crucial regulations for:

  • Project Development and Permitting:
    • Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) are mandatory for all wind farm projects, ensuring responsible development and minimizing ecological disruption.
    • Social Impact Assessments (SIAs) are required to assess potential impacts on local communities and develop strategies for mitigation and benefit-sharing.
    • Permitting processes are streamlined to facilitate project development while upholding environmental and social safeguards.
  • Grid Interconnection:
    • Regulations establish technical specifications for connecting wind farms to the national grid, ensuring grid stability and efficient power transmission.
    • As large-scale wind energy integration evolves, regulations might need to adapt to address potential grid infrastructure upgrades and improvements.
  • Social Considerations:
    • Regulations address the social impact of wind farms on local communities. This includes measures for:
      • Community engagement throughout the project development process.
      • Potential benefit-sharing programs to ensure local communities derive benefits from the project.
      • Grievance redress mechanisms to address community concerns effectively.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Grid Integration: Existing regulations might not fully address the needs of integrating large-scale wind farms into the national grid, particularly for remote areas. Continuous review and potential updates are crucial to optimize grid integration and unlock the full potential of wind energy.
  • Environmental Regulations: Balancing wind energy development with environmental protection remains paramount. Regulations ensure wind farms comply with EIAs and minimize ecological disruption through responsible practices.
  • Social Impact: Regulations address the social impact of wind farms on local communities. Balancing the project's benefits with the needs and concerns of surrounding communities is vital for sustainable development in the wind energy sector.

Recent Developments:

  • The legal framework for energy storage, which could be crucial for optimizing wind energy integration into the grid, is not yet fully defined. The MEM is likely to address this gap in the coming years to enhance the overall wind energy ecosystem.
  • The MEM is continuously reviewing and updating regulations to address emerging challenges, promote responsible wind energy development, and further incentivize investment in the sector.

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

Wind Energy Landscape in Peru: Key Players Company

The wind energy sector in Peru is a growing industry with a mix of established international companies and domestic developers making significant contributions. 

Here's a look at some of the key players:

International Companies:

  • Enel Green Power Peru: A subsidiary of the Italian energy giant Enel, they're a major player with wind farms like Wayra I (the largest in Peru) and Rubí in operation (Enel Green Power: Wayra I: the energy of the wind driving a new era).
  • Engie: A French multinational utility company, they have a presence in Peru's wind energy sector through projects like the Punta Lomitas wind farm (Engie: Engie in Peru).
  • Siemens Gamesa: A leading wind turbine manufacturer, they're not directly involved in power generation but supply turbines to wind farm projects in Peru (Siemens Gamesa: Siemens Gamesa to supply turbines at Peru's largest wind farm for core customer ENGIE).

Domestic Developers:

  • Celeinvest: A Peruvian company focused on renewable energy development, they have wind projects like Tres Hermanas in their portfolio (Celeinvest: Celeinvest).
  • Luz del Sur: A major Peruvian electricity distribution company, they're increasingly involved in renewable energy projects, including wind farms like Cupisnique (Luz del Sur: Parque Eólico Cupisnique).
  • Casa Solar: A Peruvian developer specializing in renewable energy solutions, they're involved in smaller-scale wind projects, particularly for off-grid applications (Casa Solar: Casa Solar).

Additional Considerations:

  • The wind energy sector in Peru is constantly evolving, with new players emerging and existing companies expanding their portfolios.
  • Government initiatives and auctions play a role in attracting investment and determining which companies secure project development rights.
  • International financial institutions can also play a role in financing wind farm projects in Peru.

By understanding the key players involved, you gain a deeper insight into the dynamics of Peru's wind energy landscape.

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

Peru Wind Energy Landscape: Involving Organization

Peru has promising potential for wind energy development, but there are also organizations involved in navigating this landscape. Here's a breakdown:

Peru's Wind Energy Potential:

  • Strong, consistent winds along the coast, particularly in the south.
  • Growing energy demand with a focus on renewable sources.
  • Government initiatives promoting wind energy development.


  • Transmission infrastructure limitations in some areas.
  • Social and environmental impact considerations for wind farm projects.

Involving Organizations:

  • Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM): Defines policies and regulations for the energy sector, including wind energy.
  • Peruvian Institute of Energy (IPE): Provides technical studies and information on energy resources, including wind potential.
  • Energy and Mines Investment Promotion Agency (PROINVERSION): Promotes private investment in the energy sector, including wind projects.
  • Private companies: Developers, investors, and operators of wind farms.
  • Non-governmental organizations (NGOs): Advocate for responsible development of wind energy and community engagement.

By working together, these organizations can help Peru develop its wind energy potential in a sustainable way.

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

Peru Wind Energy Landscape: Investment and Financial Support

Peru's wind energy sector is attracting significant investments due to its high potential and government support. Here's a breakdown with specific examples:

Investment Opportunities and Examples:

  • High Wind Potential: Strong, consistent winds, especially in southern coastal regions like Ilo and Ica, have led to major investments.
    • Example: Enel Green Power, a global leader in renewable energy, invested USD 188.5 million to expand its Wayra wind farm in Ica with 30 new wind turbines.
  • Growing Energy Demand: Peru's rising energy needs are driving investments in clean and reliable sources like wind power.
    • Example: Acciona Energía, a Spanish multinational, announced a USD 180 million investment to develop a new wind farm in Peru.

Government Incentives:

  • Tax Breaks: Reduced income tax for wind energy companies incentivizes investment.
  • Streamlined Permitting: Faster approval processes for wind farm projects make them more attractive.

Financial Support Mechanisms:

  • Green Bonds: Companies can raise capital for clean energy projects like wind farms.
    • Example: Engie Energy Peru successfully issued green bonds to finance wind farm construction.
  • Development Banks: Multilateral and national development banks offer loans with favorable terms.
    • Example: The World Bank provided a USD 300 million loan to IDB Invest for the Punta Lomitas Wind Power Plant, the largest in Peru.
  • Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs): Collaboration between the government and private sector shares risks and financing burdens.
    • Example: The Talara Wind Farm project is a successful PPP between Rosatom (Russia) and Energia Renovable (Erysa).

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Transmission Infrastructure: Upgrading the national grid is crucial to integrate large-scale wind farms efficiently.
  • Project Financing: Securing financing can be complex due to high upfront costs.

Peru's wind energy sector presents a lucrative opportunity for investors with strong potential, government support, and diverse financial mechanisms. Overcoming infrastructure limitations and navigating project financing are key to further growth.

Note: These are just a few examples, and the investment amounts may vary depending on the specific project size and scope.

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

10 Largest Wind Farm in Peru

10 Largest Wind Farms in Peru (Estimated Capacity & Details)

While there isn't an official ranking system, here's a detailed look at 10 of the largest wind farms in Peru, either operational or under construction:

RankWind Farm NameLocationEstimated Capacity (MW)Status
1Wayra I & IIIca Region310 (Wayra I - 132, Wayra II - 177)Combined (under construction for Wayra II)
2Cupisnique & Talara (combined)Piura Region114 (Cupisnique - 83.15, Talara - 30.6)Operational
3Punta LomitasIca Region260Under construction
4MarconaIca Region138Operational (Enel Green Power)
5Tres HermanasIca Region80Operational (Enel Green Power)
6PanamericanaIca Region50Operational (Statkraft)
7BranaArequipa Region30Operational
8ChilcaLima Region21Operational
9Tres GeneracionesIca Region20.5Operational (Grenergy Renovables)
10IncaIca Region20Operational

Important Note: Peru's wind energy sector is rapidly growing, with several other projects in development. This list may change as new farms come online.

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

Peru Wind Energy Landscape: Technology

Peru has significant potential for wind energy due to its diverse geography, with strong winds prevalent in coastal and mountainous areas. However, to fully harness this potential, the country needs to leverage specific technologies:

Turbine Technology:

  • Modern wind turbines:

    • Peru primarily utilizes horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs), the most common type globally. These large, three-bladed turbines are well-suited for the country's wind conditions.
    • As technology advances, newer turbines with taller towers and longer blades are being installed, maximizing wind capture at higher altitudes.
  • Variable Speed Turbines:

    • These turbines adjust their rotational speed based on wind variations, optimizing energy production and reducing mechanical stress.
  • Doubly-fed Electric Generators (DFEGs):

    • These generators allow for better control of the power output, enabling smoother integration into the national grid, especially when dealing with the fluctuating nature of wind energy.

Grid Integration Technologies:

  • Energy Storage Systems (ESS):

    • Batteries or other storage solutions can help manage the variability of wind power by storing excess energy during peak production and releasing it during periods of low wind. This helps to stabilize the grid and ensure a reliable energy supply.
  • Wind Power Forecasting:

    • Advanced software tools can predict wind patterns, allowing for better planning and grid management. This helps to integrate wind energy more effectively and reduce reliance on traditional, often fossil-fuel based, power sources.
  • Smart Grid Technologies:

    • These technologies involve communication systems and automation tools that allow for real-time monitoring and control of the entire electricity grid. This enables a more flexible and responsive grid that can better accommodate the variable nature of wind energy.

Additional Considerations:

  • Local Manufacturing: As Peru's wind energy sector grows, there's a potential opportunity to establish local manufacturing of wind turbine components. This can create jobs, boost the economy, and contribute to a more sustainable energy future.

  • Environmental Impact Assessments: It's crucial to conduct thorough environmental assessments before constructing wind farms. This helps to minimize any potential negative impacts on wildlife and ecosystems.

By adopting these technologies and fostering a responsible approach to development, Peru can capitalize on its wind energy potential and contribute to a cleaner and more sustainable energy future.

Peru Wind Energy Landscape

Peru Wind Energy Landscape: Advantages

Peru boasts a wealth of advantages when it comes to harnessing wind energy:

  • Abundant Wind Resource: The country's diverse geography, with strong winds along the coast and within the Andes mountain range, offers exceptional potential for wind energy generation.

  • Clean Energy Source: Wind energy is a renewable and clean source of power. Unlike fossil fuels, it doesn't produce harmful emissions, contributing to a cleaner environment and mitigating climate change.

  • Reduced Reliance on Fossil Fuels: By increasing its wind energy capacity, Peru can lessen its dependence on imported fossil fuels, enhancing energy security and independence.

  • Diversification of Energy Mix: Wind power integration helps diversify Peru's energy mix, reducing reliance on a single source and creating a more stable and resilient energy grid.

  • Economic Benefits: The wind energy sector can generate significant economic benefits through job creation in manufacturing, construction, operation, and maintenance of wind farms.

  • Rural Electrification: Wind energy can be particularly beneficial for remote, off-grid regions. Small-scale wind turbines can provide reliable electricity access to these areas, improving living standards and fostering development.

  • Reduced Energy Costs: Over time, as wind technology matures and production scales up, the cost of wind-generated electricity is expected to decrease, leading to potentially lower energy costs for consumers.

  • Technological Innovation: The development of the wind energy sector can stimulate innovation in related fields, such as smart grid technologies and energy storage solutions.

  • Sustainable Development: Wind energy aligns with Peru's goals for sustainable development by promoting clean energy production, economic growth, and rural electrification.

By capitalizing on these advantages and implementing a strategic wind energy development plan, Peru can position itself as a leader in renewable energy within the region.