Norway Wind Energy Pattern


Norway Wind Energy Pattern

Norway's Wind Energy: A Story of Contrasts and Potential

Norway, often lauded for its clean and abundant hydropower, presents a complex picture when it comes to wind energy. Despite possessing strong wind resources, particularly offshore, its wind power sector remains nascent compared to its neighbors. Here's a closer look at Norway's wind energy pattern, uncovering its current state, historical trends, and future possibilities.

Present Reality:

  • Dominant Hydro: Currently, wind contributes a modest 12% to Norway's electricity mix, overshadowed by the 86% share held by hydropower.
  • Onshore Focus: The installed capacity stands at 5,068 MW, entirely onshore, with projects like Fosen Vind contributing significantly.
  • Offshore Lagging: Offshore wind, despite its vast potential, remains untapped, with no operating farms as of 2022.

Historical Trends:

  • Gradual Onshore Growth: Onshore wind has seen steady growth in recent years, averaging around 4% annually.
  • Policy Shifts: Early 2000s targets for wind expansion were initially ambitious, but public concerns and environmental impact assessments led to policy changes and project delays.
  • Public Perception: While some view wind farms as necessary for diversification and climate goals, others raise concerns about visual impact and ecological disruptions.

Norway Wind Energy Pattern

Wind Energy in Norway: Key Statistics

Based on your request, here are some key statistics on wind energy in Norway:

Installed Capacity:

  • Total: 5,068 Megawatts (MW) as of 2022 (source: Statista)
  • Onshore: 5,068 MW (source: Statista)
  • Offshore: 0 MW (as of 2022, although there are ongoing projects)


  • Wind power contributes approximately 12% of Norway's total electricity production (source: SSB)
  • This amounts to around 15 TWh of electricity per year (source: SSB)


  • Onshore wind capacity has been steadily increasing in recent years, with an average annual growth rate of around 4% (source: Statista)
  • The government is pushing for significant growth in offshore wind, with the potential for up to 30 GW of additional capacity in the coming decades (source: Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy)

Other Interesting Facts:

  • Hydropower remains the dominant source of electricity in Norway, accounting for over 86% of production (source: SSB)
  • Combined, hydro and wind power contribute over 98% of the country's electricity generation (source: Statista)
  • Norway has excellent wind resources, particularly offshore, which makes it a prime location for future wind energy development..

Future Outlook:

  • Renewed Focus on Offshore: The government aims to unlock the potential of offshore wind, targeting up to 30 GW of capacity in the coming decades.
  • Technological Advancements: Advancements in turbine technology and floating platforms offer solutions for challenging offshore environments.
  • Balancing Sustainability and Acceptance: Addressing environmental and social concerns through careful planning, community engagement, and impact mitigation will be crucial.

Norway Wind Energy Pattern

Wind Farms in Norway

Largest Operational Wind Farms:

  • Fosen Vind (Trøndelag county): 3.6 TWh annual capacity, one of the largest onshore wind farms in Europe.
  • Lista (Vestfold og Telemark county): 71.3 MW capacity with 31 turbines.
  • Bjerkreim (Rogaland county): 168 MW capacity with 51 turbines.

Other Notable Wind Farms:

  • Hywind Tampen (Stavanger): World's first floating wind farm, 88 MW capacity with 11 turbines.
  • Markbygden (Trøndelag): Innovative project with over 500 small wind turbines distributed across farms.
  • Haramsøy (Møre og Romsdal county): 51 MW capacity with 18 turbines.

Norway aims to significantly increase wind power capacity in the coming years, contributing to its goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2050.

Key Learnings:

  • Norway's wind energy journey showcases the interplay between resource potential, policy shifts, public acceptance, and technological progress.
  • While onshore development has progressed, unlocking the true potential of offshore wind requires addressing ecological and social considerations.
  • Balancing these factors will be key to harnessing wind energy and diversifying Norway's clean energy mix for a sustainable future.
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