Russia Wind Energy Lansdcape


Wind farms in Russia
The Wind at Russia's Back: An Open Statement on the Landscape of Wind Energy

Russia, a land known for its vast landscapes and abundant natural resources, stands at a pivotal moment in its energy journey. While oil and gas have long dominated the scene, a new force is rising on the horizon – wind energy.

Across the steppes and coasts of this nation, a quiet revolution is underway. Towering turbines are piercing the sky, harnessing the power of the wind to turn it into clean, renewable electricity. From the Arctic tundra to the sun-drenched plains of the south, wind farms are springing up, painting a new picture of Russia's energy future.

A landscape brimming with potential:

Russia boasts some of the richest wind resources on the planet, with an estimated potential of 82 gigawatts – enough to power millions of homes and businesses. This untapped potential offers a tantalizing glimpse into a future where Russia can lead the way in clean energy production, reducing its reliance on fossil fuels and combating climate change.

Challenges at the crossroads:

But the path is not without obstacles. High upfront costs, limited grid infrastructure in remote areas, and dependence on foreign technology present formidable hurdles. Yet, these challenges can be overcome.

A wind of change is blowing:

The tide is turning, fueled by a concerted effort from the government, private sector, and innovative entrepreneurs. Government support through policy initiatives and auctions is creating a more attractive investment environment. Meanwhile, advancements in technology are bringing down the costs of wind turbines and improving their efficiency.

Collaboration for a sustainable future:

To truly unlock the potential of wind energy, collaboration is key. Domestic stakeholders must join forces with global expertise to establish a robust local wind energy industry. This includes developing a skilled workforce, fostering research and development, and building a robust domestic supply chain.

Wind farms in Russia

Wind farms in Russia

Here's a list of 20 notable wind farms in Russia, without pictures, and with additional data:

Operational farms:

  1. Kolskaya Wind Farm:

    • Location: Murmansk Oblast
    • Capacity: 201 MW
    • Number of turbines: 57
    • Commissioned: 2022
    • Operator: Fortum
  2. Adygea Wind Farm:

    • Location: Republic of Adygea
    • Capacity: 70 MW
    • Number of turbines: 35
    • Commissioned: 2012
    • Operator: Enel Russia
  3. Azov Wind Farm:

    • Location: Rostov Oblast
    • Capacity: 90 MW
    • Number of turbines: 45
    • Commissioned: 2010
    • Operator: Enel Russia
  4. Kochubeyevsky Wind Farm:

    • Location: Stavropol Krai
    • Capacity: 72 MW
    • Number of turbines: 36
    • Commissioned: 2012
    • Operator: Enel Russia
  5. Ulyanovsk Wind Farm:

    • Location: Ulyanovsk Oblast
    • Capacity: 35 MW
    • Number of turbines: 17
    • Commissioned: 2012
    • Operator: Fortum
  6. Kalmykia Wind Farm:

    • Location: Republic of Kalmykia
    • Capacity: 42 MW
    • Number of turbines: 21
    • Commissioned: 2010
    • Operator: Enel Russia
  7. Novozibanskovskaya Wind Farm:

    • Location: Novosibirsk Oblast
    • Capacity: 55 MW
    • Number of turbines: 22
    • Commissioned: 2018
    • Operator: Hevel
  8. Stavropol Wind Farm:

    • Location: Stavropol Krai
    • Capacity: 35 MW
    • Number of turbines: 14
    • Commissioned: 2015
    • Operator: Enel Russia
  9. Vyborg Wind Farm:

    • Location: Leningrad Oblast
    • Capacity: 51 MW
    • Number of turbines: 21
    • Commissioned: 2019
    • Operator: Fortum
  10. Ust-Luga Wind Farm:

    • Location: Leningrad Oblast
    • Capacity: 33 MW
    • Number of turbines: 11
    • Commissioned: 2012
    • Operator: Fortum

Upcoming projects:

  1. Kodinsky Wind Farm:

    • Location: Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Planned capacity: up to 3 GW
    • Operator: Rusnano
  2. Ulyanovsk Wind Farm II:

    • Location: Ulyanovsk Oblast
    • Planned capacity: 84 MW
    • Operator: Fortum


  • Priyutnenskaya Wind Farm:
    • Location: Stavropol Krai
    • Capacity: 95 MW
    • Number of turbines: 38
    • Commissioned: 2023
    • Operator: Rosatom

The wind at Russia's back:

By embracing innovation, overcoming challenges, and fostering collaboration, we can ensure that the vast landscapes of Russia are not just swept by the wind, but powered by it.

Wind farms in Russia

Table of wind farms in Russia

Here's a table presenting the data on notable wind farms in Russia:

Wind Farm NameLocationCapacity (MW)Number of TurbinesCommissionedOperator
Kolskaya Wind FarmMurmansk Oblast201572022Fortum
Adygea Wind FarmRepublic of Adygea70352012Enel Russia
Azov Wind FarmRostov Oblast90452010Enel Russia
Kochubeyevsky Wind FarmStavropol Krai72362012Enel Russia
Ulyanovsk Wind FarmUlyanovsk Oblast35172012Fortum
Kalmykia Wind FarmRepublic of Kalmykia42212010Enel Russia
Novozibanskovskaya Wind FarmNovosibirsk Oblast55222018Hevel
Stavropol Wind FarmStavropol Krai35142015Enel Russia
Vyborg Wind FarmLeningrad Oblast51212019Fortum
Ust-Luga Wind FarmLeningrad Oblast33112012Fortum
Kodinsky Wind Farm (planned)Krasnoyarsk KraiUp to 3,000N/AN/ARusnano
Ulyanovsk Wind Farm II (planned)Ulyanovsk Oblast84N/AN/AFortum
Priyutnenskaya Wind FarmStavropol Krai95382023Rosatom

An open invitation to the world:

Russia welcomes partners who share its vision for a sustainable future. From technology providers to investors and developers, there is an open invitation to join hands and write a new chapter in the nation's energy story.

Wind farms in Russia

Statistics of Russia's wind energy landscape

Here's an updated overview of Russia's wind energy landscape, with additional data and insights:

Current Capacity (as of January 2024):

  • Total Installed Capacity: Approximately 1,400 MW (megawatts)
    • Breakdown by region:
      • Southern Russia: 750 MW
      • Western Russia: 450 MW
      • Other regions: 200 MW
  • Number of Operational Wind Farms: Over 40
  • Largest Wind Farms:
    • Kolskaya Wind Farm (201 MW)
    • Priyutnenskaya Wind Farm (95 MW)
    • Azov Wind Farm (90 MW)
  • Average Wind Farm Size: 35 MW
  • Top Wind Farm Operators: Enel Russia, Fortum, Hevel, Rosatom

Recent Growth:

  • Annual Capacity Additions:
    • 2023: 300 MW
    • 2022: 250 MW
    • 2021: 180 MW
  • Notable New Projects in 2023:
    • Priyutnenskaya Wind Farm (95 MW)
    • Several smaller wind farms (totaling ~150 MW)


  • Estimated Wind Energy Potential: 82 GW
    • Breakdown by region:
      • Southern Russia: 40 GW
      • Western Russia: 25 GW
      • Eastern Russia: 15 GW
      • Northern Russia: 2 GW
  • Government Targets:
    • 4.8 GW by 2030
    • 11 GW by 2035


  • Grid Connection Issues:
    • Limited grid infrastructure in remote areas with high wind potential
    • Integration costs and challenges
  • High Upfront Costs:
    • Capital expenditures for wind farms
    • Need for financing mechanisms
  • Dependence on Foreign Technology:
    • Limited domestic manufacturing of wind turbines and components
    • Potential supply chain disruptions

Future Outlook:

  • Expected Growth Drivers:
    • Government support through auctions and subsidies
    • Falling wind turbine costs
    • Increasing demand for clean energy
    • Technological advancements (e.g., larger turbines, improved efficiency)
    • Potential for offshore wind development

Key Areas for Development:

  • Southern and western regions with established grid infrastructure
  • Exploration of potential in northern and eastern regions
  • Offshore wind potential in the Arctic and Far East

Additional Considerations:

  • Job Creation and Economic Development:
    • Wind energy sector contributes to employment and economic activity in rural areas
  • Environmental Impacts:
    • Potential impacts on wildlife and ecosystems should be carefully considered and mitigated


  • Russian Wind Energy Association (RAWI)
  • Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC)
  • REN21 Renewables 2023 Global Status Report
  • Energy Ministry of the Russian Federation
Remember, the wind is blowing in favor of Russia's wind energy future. Let's work together to make the most of it.

Wind farms in Russia

Table of Statistics of Russia's wind energy landscape

Table of Statistics: Russia's Wind Energy Landscape (January 2024)

Total Installed Capacity~1,400 MWIncreasing rapidly; concentrated in southern and western regions
Number of Operational Wind FarmsOver 40Growing number of new projects coming online
Largest Wind FarmsKolskaya (201 MW), Priyutnenskaya (95 MW), Azov (90 MW)Potential for larger projects in the future
Average Wind Farm Size35 MWVaries depending on location and resources
Top Wind Farm OperatorsEnel Russia, Fortum, Hevel, RosatomDiverse mix of domestic and international players
Annual Capacity Additions (Recent)2023: 300+ MW, 2022: 250+ MW, 2021: 180+ MWSteadily increasing growth trajectory
Estimated Wind Energy Potential82 GWSignificant potential, particularly in southern and western regions
Government Targets4.8 GW by 2030, 11 GW by 2035Ambitious goals driving sector development
Main ChallengesGrid Connection issues, High upfront costs, Dependence on foreign technologyStrategies needed to overcome these hurdles
Key Growth DriversGovernment support, Falling wind turbine costs, Increasing clean energy demandPositive outlook for future expansion
Focus Areas for DevelopmentGrid infrastructure improvement, Domestic manufacturing, Exploration of new regions (north, east)Diversifying and strengthening the wind energy sector
Economic and Environmental BenefitsJob creation, Rural development, Reduced carbon emissions, Cleaner airWind energy contributes to a sustainable future for Russia

Wind farms in Russia

Conclusion of Russia Wind Energy Lansdcape

Russia's Wind Energy Landscape at a Crossroads

Russia's wind energy landscape holds significant potential, boasting vast wind resources and ambitious government targets.

 However, it faces critical challenges like grid connection issues, high costs, and dependence on foreign technology. Despite these hurdles, recent growth and increasing investment suggest a promising future for wind energy in this vast nation.

Key takeaways:

  • Current Capacity: Around 1,400 MW, concentrated in southern and western regions.
  • Recent Growth: Accelerating, with over 300 MW added in 2023.
  • Potential: Huge, with an estimated 82 GW capacity, but needs infrastructure and technological advancements.
  • Challenges: Grid constraints, high costs, and dependence on foreign technology hinder development.
  • Future Outlook: Continued growth likely, driven by government support, falling costs, and clean energy demand.
  • Focus Areas: Strengthening grid infrastructure, domestic manufacturing, and exploring new regions like the north and east.

Russia's wind energy landscape stands at a crossroads. Overcoming the challenges will be crucial to unlocking its immense potential and achieving its clean energy goals. Technological advancements, domestic investments, and innovative solutions are key to propelling Russia's wind sector towards a sustainable and powerful future.

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