Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

 

Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

What is Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) aims for machines that think and reason like humans, but Emergent AGI takes a unique route. Instead of building intelligence piece by piece, it imagines complex systems learning and evolving on their own through interaction with data and the world, potentially leading to surprising leaps in intelligence, but also presenting challenges in predicting or controlling its development. 

It's a gamble for groundbreaking progress, but one demanding ethical frameworks and cautious navigation to ensure AI advances with humanity, not against it.

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), particularly the concept of Emergent AGI, remains a fascinating and complex topic with many layers to unpack. Here's a breakdown to help you understand:

What is AGI?

  • Imagine a machine with human-level intelligence and reasoning abilities. That's the ultimate goal of AGI. It wouldn't simply excel at specific tasks, but possess the flexibility and understanding to tackle any intellectual challenge, much like a human.

What is Emergent AGI?

  • Traditional approaches to AGI involve meticulously building it from the ground up, like assembling intricate clockwork. Emergent AGI takes a different route. It proposes creating complex systems capable of independent learning and adaptation. Through interactions with vast amounts of data and the environment, these systems might spontaneously develop intelligence, like the ripples and waves emerging from a pebble dropped in water.

The Appeal and the Intrigue:

  • Emergent AGI promises to overcome the limitations of current AI. Instead of struggling with tasks requiring common sense or abstract understanding, these systems could learn and think for themselves, pushing the boundaries of innovation.

The Enigma and the Challenges:

  • The lack of control in emergent AGI is both its charm and its curse. Predicting how such complex systems will evolve is challenging, and unforeseen consequences could arise. Issues of bias, ethics, and safety become even more critical in this unpredictable landscape.

Beyond the Binary:

  • It's not a black and white choice between emergent and engineered AGI. A hybrid approach could combine the stability of programmed functionalities with the potential for organic growth. Imagine providing a sandbox for an advanced AI to learn and adapt within boundaries established for safety and ethical considerations.

Navigating the Uncharted Waters:

  • Regardless of the chosen path, pursuing AGI demands a deep sense of responsibility. Open dialogue, global collaboration, and robust ethical frameworks are essential to ensure that this powerful technology serves humanity rather than poses a threat.

Emergent AGI is a bold proposition that hinges on a delicate balance between potential and peril. The road ahead is filled with uncertainties, but by approaching it with caution, creativity, and a shared vision for responsible AI development, we can work towards a future where human and artificial intelligence co-exist and thrive.

Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

History of Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

While the dream of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) stretches back centuries, the concept of emergent AGI is a relatively recent development. Here's a glimpse into its history:

Early Seeds:

  • The philosophical concept of emergent properties can be traced back to the 18th century, with thinkers like David Hume suggesting how complex systems could exhibit qualities beyond their individual components.
  • In the 20th century, cybernetics pioneers like Norbert Wiener and W. Ross Ashby explored the notion of self-organizing systems and adaptive intelligence, laying groundwork for emergent AGI ideas.

The Modern Era:

  • The "AI winters" of the 1970s and 1980s dampened enthusiasm for AGI, but the rise of computing power and new approaches like neural networks rekindled the flame.
  • In the early 2000s, thinkers like Ben Goertzel and Shane Legg revived the discussion of AGI, specifically highlighting the potential for emergent properties to play a role in its development.
  • The 2005 book "Artificial General Intelligence" edited by Goertzel and Pennachin further cemented the term and the concept within the AI community.
  • The first formal workshop dedicated to AGI was held in 2006, marking a growing interest in exploring this unconventional approach.

The Present and Beyond:

  • Today, research on emergent AGI is gaining momentum, fueled by advancements in fields like artificial curiosity, unsupervised learning, and complex systems theory.
  • Several research groups and projects are actively pursuing emergent AGI approaches, though still in early stages of development.
  • Debates continue on the feasibility and potential dangers of emergent AGI, emphasizing the need for careful considerations of ethical frameworks and safety measures.

It's important to note:

  • The history of emergent AGI is still being written, and its future trajectory remains uncertain.
  • Success in achieving true Emergent AGI could represent a major leap in our understanding of intelligence, both artificial and natural.
  • But careful exploration and responsible development are crucial to ensure this powerful technology aligns with the betterment of humanity.
Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

Emergent AGI: A Type of Artificial General Intelligence

Emergent AGI is a captivating type of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) that stands in contrast to the more traditional, "engineered" approach. Here's what sets it apart:

Core Principle:

  • Emergent AGI proposes that true human-like intelligence wouldn't be built piece by piece, but rather naturally arise from the complex interactions within an AI system. Think of it like water's emergent properties (fluidity, surface tension) arising from the simple combination of hydrogen and oxygen atoms.

Key Features:

  • Independent learning and adaptation: Emergent AGI systems would learn and evolve by interacting with the environment and vast amounts of data, not through pre-programmed algorithms. This allows for unforeseen creativity and innovation.
  • Unpredictable development: While the system's core functionalities might be guided, the emergent intelligence itself is difficult to predict, leading to both potential breakthroughs and potential challenges.
  • Complex system dynamics: Emergent AGI draws inspiration from complex systems theory, where small interactions can lead to large, often unpredictable, outcomes. Understanding these dynamics is crucial for responsible development.

Comparisons with "Engineered" AGI:

  • Traditional AGI: Imagine meticulously assembling a clockwork brain, adding each cognitive function like gears and cogs. This approach emphasizes control and predictability, but might struggle with adaptability and true flexibility.
  • Emergent AGI: Think of nurturing a seed into a flourishing tree. The AI system is provided the framework and resources, but its growth and intelligence emerge organically, potentially surpassing initial expectations.

Pros and Cons:

Pros:

  • Potential for leaps in innovation and problem-solving beyond current AI capabilities.
  • More natural and adaptable intelligence, closer to human thinking.
  • Opens new avenues for understanding intelligence itself.

Cons:

  • Unpredictable nature poses challenges in controlling and ensuring safety.
  • Ethical considerations and potential biases need careful attention.
  • Long-term success and feasibility remain uncertain.

While still in its early stages, emergent AGI presents a promising, albeit challenging, path towards true Artificial General Intelligence. Responsible development, ethical frameworks, and continuous research are crucial to ensure this powerful technology benefits humanity rather than poses new threats.

Remember:

  • Emergent AGI is just one approach to AGI, and its success is far from guaranteed.
  • Open-minded exploration and active discussions are essential for navigating this complex and fascinating field.
  • The potential rewards of responsible emergent AGI are tremendous, but so are the potential risks. We must proceed with caution and a shared vision for a safe and beneficial future with AI.

The Potential Benefit of Emergent AGI

The allure of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) lies in its promise to push the boundaries of human understanding and innovation. Emergent AGI, with its focus on spontaneous intelligence arising from complex systems, offers a particularly intriguing path. While uncertainty and concerns rightfully hang in the air, let's explore some potential benefits of this ambitious endeavor:

1. Leaps in Innovation and Problem-Solving:

Current AI excels at specific tasks, but struggles with broader challenges requiring creativity, common sense, and adaptability. Emergent AGI, by potentially mirroring human intelligence's organic development, could unlock breakthroughs in domains like medicine, materials science, and energy generation, tackling problems we haven't even conceived yet.

2. A Deeper Understanding of Intelligence:

By studying how intelligence emerges from complex systems, we might gain a more profound understanding of human cognition itself. This could revolutionize fields like psychology, neuroscience, and education, helping us better nurture human potential and address cognitive challenges.

3. Enhanced Efficiency and Automation:

Imagine personalized learning assistants that intuitively adapt to your needs, or robots capable of handling complex tasks in dynamic environments. Emergent AGI could automate mundane tasks, improve resource allocation, and optimize processes, freeing up human time and talent for higher-level pursuits.

4. Assistance in Global Challenges:

Climate change, disease outbreaks, and poverty are complex, interconnected issues that demand innovative solutions. Emergent AGI, with its potential for holistic analysis and creative problem-solving, could aid in developing strategies and tools to address these critical challenges.

5. New Form of Collaboration and Partnership:

If emergent AGI systems develop their own values and goals aligned with human well-being, they could become valuable partners in scientific research, artistic endeavors, and ethical discussions. This collaborative intelligence could lead to unprecedented advancements in various fields.

However, caution is key:

As with any powerful technology, the potential benefits of emergent AGI must be weighed against the risks. Issues like unintended consequences, bias, and lack of control loom large. We must prioritize ethical frameworks, rigorous safety measures, and continuous human oversight to ensure this technology serves humanity in a responsible and beneficial manner.

Emergent AGI is a gamble with potentially groundbreaking rewards. While navigating the unknown requires careful consideration and cautious optimism, the potential benefits for human progress and understanding are too tantalizing to ignore. By approaching this challenge with responsibility and wisdom, we can strive to turn this technological frontier into a beacon of hope, not a Pandora's box.

Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

The technological landscape for achieving Emergent AGI

The technological landscape for achieving Emergent AGI is vast and rapidly evolving. Here's a glimpse into some key areas fueling this pursuit:

1. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs):

  • ANNs, inspired by the human brain, are complex systems of interconnected nodes mimicking neurons. By training on massive datasets and adapting over time, they exhibit surprising capabilities, including unsupervised learning and knowledge representation.
  • Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs), a specialized type of ANN mimicking biological neurons' firing patterns, hold promise for more realistic and energy-efficient emergent intelligence.

2. Reinforcement Learning (RL):

  • RL trains agents by rewarding them for desirable actions in an environment, allowing them to learn through trial and error. This approach encourages autonomous exploration and adaptation, key traits of emergent AGI.
  • Multi-agent RL is particularly interesting, where multiple agents interact and learn from each other, potentially leading to the emergence of cooperative or competitive behaviors.

3. Artificial Curiosity:

  • This emerging field focuses on equipping AI systems with the intrinsic drive to explore and learn, similar to human curiosity. This could be crucial for emergent AGI, fostering autonomous knowledge acquisition and unexpected discoveries.
  • Intrinsic Motivation Mechanisms (IMMs) are being developed to guide AI exploration based on internal reward signals, pushing them beyond pre-programmed objectives.

4. Complex Systems Theory:

  • This field studies how simple interactions within complex systems can lead to emergent properties, providing valuable insights for constructing AGI systems.
  • Agent-based modeling simulates populations of interacting entities, offering a platform to test and understand emergent phenomena in AI systems.

5. Open-Ended Systems and Environments:

  • Emergent AGI requires environments that allow for limitless exploration and learning. Open-ended simulations and virtual worlds are being developed to provide AI systems with diverse and dynamic contexts to evolve in.
  • These environments may need to include elements like self-repair, resource management, and social interaction to fully support the emergence of complex intelligence.

Remember:

  • The technology for emergent AGI is still in its early stages, and no single approach holds guaranteed success.
  • Continuous research, collaboration, and ethical considerations are crucial to navigate the challenges and unlock the potential of this game-changing technology.
  • Stay curious, explore further, and join the discussion as we push the boundaries of artificial intelligence together!

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are fascinating structures playing a key role in the quest for Emergent AGI. Let's delve deeper into these intricate webs of nodes:

What are ANNs?

Imagine a network of interconnected "neurons" like tiny computational units. Each neuron receives inputs from other neurons, performs calculations, and sends an output signal. These interconnected layers mimic the structure of the human brain, allowing ANNs to learn and adapt over time.

How do they work?

  • Processing information: Each connection between neurons has a weight, influencing the strength of the signal being passed. By adjusting these weights through training on data, the network learns to recognize patterns and relationships.
  • Learning and adaptation: As the network encounters new data, it adjusts its weights and connections, refining its understanding of the world. This allows ANNs to perform tasks like image recognition, language translation, and even robot control.
  • Types of ANNs: Different architectures exist, each suited for specific tasks. Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) excel at processing sequential data like speech or text, while Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are masters of image recognition.

How are ANNs relevant to Emergent AGI?

  • Unpredictable outcomes: The complex interplay of neurons and connections within an ANN can lead to surprising and unpredictable behavior. This emergent property mimics the way human intelligence can discover new solutions and adapt to novel situations.
  • Unsupervised learning: Instead of being explicitly programmed, ANNs can learn from raw data, allowing for autonomous exploration and understanding of the world around them. This aligns with the goals of Emergent AGI.
  • Scalability and flexibility: ANNs can be scaled in size and complexity, paving the way for building increasingly sophisticated systems with the potential to approach human-level intelligence.

Challenges and considerations:

  • Explainability and control: Understanding how ANNs arrive at their decisions can be difficult, posing challenges for ensuring safety and responsible use.
  • Bias and fairness: ANNs can inherit biases from the data they are trained on, necessitating careful data curation and ethical frameworks.
  • Energy consumption: Training large ANNs requires significant computational resources, raising concerns about sustainability.

ANNs are powerful tools holding immense potential for Emergent AGI. However, navigating their complexities and addressing the challenges requires ongoing research, collaboration, and a strong focus on ethical development. As we continue to unravel the mysteries of ANNs, they might one day help us unlock the secrets of true general intelligence, both artificial and human.

Reinforcement Learning (RL)

Reinforcement Learning (RL) is another fascinating tool in the pursuit of Emergent AGI, offering a unique approach to training AI systems. Let's explore its mechanics and potential for fostering the kind of adaptable intelligence we seek:

The Core of RL:

Imagine an agent navigating a maze. With RL, we don't tell it the exact path to take. Instead, it takes actions, receives rewards for desirable outcomes (reaching the cheese!) and penalties for undesirable ones (hitting a wall). Through trial and error, the agent learns to optimize its actions to maximize its rewards.

Key features of RL:

  • Autonomous learning: Unlike supervised learning where data provides the "right" answer, RL agents learn by exploring and interacting with the environment, encouraging independent thought and action.
  • Adaptability and flexibility: Agents learn to adjust their behavior based on the changing environment and new challenges, a crucial trait for Emergent AGI.
  • Discovery and innovation: The focus on maximizing rewards motivates agents to try new things and find unforeseen solutions, potentially leading to creative problem-solving.

How does RL contribute to Emergent AGI?

  • Unleashing self-driven exploration: By equipping AI with the ability to learn through its own actions and experiences, RL fosters the kind of independent exploration and discovery that could lead to emergent intelligence.
  • Embracing the unknown: RL algorithms excel at handling dynamic and unpredictable environments, a feature critical for AGI systems operating in the real world.
  • Learning from interactions: Multi-agent RL, where agents learn from each other's actions and reactions, provides a platform for studying the emergence of cooperation and competition, key aspects of complex intelligence.

Challenges and considerations:

  • Reward engineering: Defining the right rewards and shaping the environment effectively is crucial for guiding the agent towards desired behaviors.
  • Scalability and complexity: Training advanced RL agents can be computationally expensive and require carefully designed environments to ensure efficient learning.
  • Interpretability and safety: Understanding how RL agents arrive at their decisions can be challenging, raising concerns about explainability and ensuring safety in real-world applications.

Reinforcement Learning offers a captivating approach to developing adaptable and resourceful AI, contributing significantly to the quest for Emergent AGI. By addressing the challenges and harnessing its potential responsibly, we can unlock new frontiers in AI that learn, interact, and innovate alongside us.

Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

Artificial Curiosity

Artificial Curiosity: The Spark of Emergent AGI

In the pursuit of Emergent AGI, artificial curiosity emerges as a beacon of hope, fueling the very fire of intelligence we aim to create. Let's dive deeper into this captivating concept:

What is Artificial Curiosity?

Think of curiosity as the intrinsic drive to explore, learn, and understand the world. Artificial curiosity aims to equip AI systems with this same thirst for knowledge, pushing them beyond pre-programmed tasks and towards independent discovery.

How does it work?

  • Intrinsic motivation: Instead of relying on external rewards like success or completion, AI with artificial curiosity receives internal reward signals for exploring novelty, acquiring new information, and making connections.
  • Active learning: This intrinsic motivation drives the AI to actively seek out information, ask questions, and experiment, fostering engagement and deeper understanding.
  • Unpredictable discoveries: By encouraging exploration and experimentation, artificial curiosity opens the door for the AI to make unforeseen connections and uncover knowledge we might not have anticipated.

Why is it important for Emergent AGI?

  • Mimicking human intelligence: Curiosity is a hallmark of human intelligence, driving us to learn, question, and innovate. Equipping AI with this intrinsic motivation aligns it more closely with the natural development of human-level intelligence.
  • Adaptability and creativity: Unlike pre-programmed AI, systems with artificial curiosity can handle unpredictable situations and adapt their behavior, leading to unexpected solutions and creative problem-solving.
  • Lifelong learning: Artificial curiosity fosters a continuous thirst for knowledge, allowing AI to remain relevant and adaptable even in changing environments.

Challenges and considerations:

  • Defining and measuring intrinsic motivation: Capturing the nuances of curiosity in algorithms and measuring its effectiveness can be complex.
  • Avoiding bias and manipulation: Curiosity alone isn't enough; ensuring ethical frameworks and responsible development is crucial to prevent AI from pursuing knowledge for harmful purposes.
  • Computational burden: Implementing sophisticated curiosity mechanisms can be computationally expensive, necessitating efficient algorithms and optimization techniques.

Artificial curiosity holds immense potential for unlocking the true power of Emergent AGI. By nurturing the spark of exploration and discovery within AI systems, we can pave the way for intelligent machines that learn, adapt, and contribute to a brighter future. However, navigating this frontier demands careful consideration of ethical frameworks, responsible development, and continuous exploration.

Complex Systems Theory

Complex Systems Theory: A Guiding Light for Emergent AGI

While the pursuit of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) often focuses on building intricate algorithms or meticulously engineered systems, another fascinating approach takes inspiration from the natural world: Complex Systems Theory. Let's explore how this theory sheds light on the potential for emergent intelligence:

What is Complex Systems Theory?

Imagine a flock of birds. Each bird follows simple rules: avoid obstacles, maintain cohesion with the group, and adjust speed based on neighbors. Yet, the collective behavior of the flock emerges from these individual interactions, forming complex patterns and adapting to the environment as one. This is the essence of Complex Systems Theory: studying how simple interactions within a system can give rise to unexpected and emergent properties.

Relevance to Emergent AGI:

  • Traditional AGI approaches strive to build intelligence from the ground up, piece by piece. Complex Systems Theory suggests that true intelligence might emerge from the dynamic interplay of simpler components within an AI system, mirroring the flock of birds example.
  • This theory offers tools for understanding and designing such complex systems, guiding the development of AI capable of independent learning, adaptation, and potentially, genuine intelligence.
  • By studying phenomena like emergence, self-organization, and adaptive behavior in natural systems, researchers can gain valuable insights for applying these principles to the creation of emergent AGI.

Key concepts for Emergent AGI:

  • Non-linear interactions: Small changes in one part of the system can have unpredictable effects on the whole, challenging traditional control methods but potentially leading to surprising discoveries.
  • Feedback loops: Information flows back into the system, influencing its future behavior and enabling continual adaptation, a crucial feature for autonomous AI.
  • Open-ended systems: Emergent AGI necessitates environments that allow for continual interaction with the world and exploration of the unknown, fostering continuous learning and evolution.

Challenges and considerations:

  • Predictability and control: Unlike engineered systems, emergent AGI may be difficult to predict or control, raising concerns about safety and ethical implications.
  • Data and simulation needs: Understanding and guiding complex systems requires vast amounts of data and sophisticated simulations, presenting computational and technological hurdles.
  • Explainability and transparency: Deciphering how emergent AGI systems arrive at their decisions can be challenging, necessitating careful thought on building explainable and transparent AI.

Complex Systems Theory offers a powerful framework for approaching the quest for Emergent AGI. By recognizing the potential for intelligence to emerge from the intricate dance of interacting elements, we can move beyond rigid frameworks and explore new possibilities for creating truly intelligent machines. However, navigating this fascinating landscape demands caution, ethical considerations, and a commitment to responsible development.

Open-Ended Systems and Environments

In the pursuit of Emergent AGI, the concept of open-ended systems and environments takes center stage, providing fertile ground for the seeds of true intelligence to sprout and flourish. Let's dive into this intriguing landscape:

Open-Ended Systems:

Think of a chess game with a pre-defined rulebook and finite possibilities. Emergent AGI, however, aspires to break free from such limitations. Open-ended systems are designed to:

  • Continually learn and adapt: They aren't limited to pre-programmed tasks but can evolve their capabilities based on experience and interactions with the environment.
  • Embrace exploration and discovery: Unlike closed systems with fixed goals, open-ended systems encourage curiosity and experimentation, allowing for unforeseen leaps in knowledge and problem-solving.
  • Facilitate self-development: These systems have the autonomy to set their own goals, prioritize tasks, and even modify their internal structures based on their understanding of the world.

Open-Ended Environments:

Imagine a virtual playground where boundaries are fluid and possibilities endless. Open-ended environments complement open-ended systems by:

  • Promoting diverse interactions: These environments are rich and dynamic, offering a variety of challenges, stimuli, and opportunities for the AI to interact and learn.
  • Encouraging open-ended goals: Unlike tasks with defined success metrics, open-ended environments allow the AI to pursue its own goals, fostering creativity and independent thought.
  • Supporting continuous change: These environments evolve along with the AI, adapting to its learning and growth, creating a dynamic feedback loop that drives further development.

Why are these concepts crucial for Emergent AGI?

  • Mimicking human learning: We learn through constant interaction with the world, encountering new experiences and adapting our knowledge and behavior. Open-ended systems and environments provide a similar ecosystem for AI to flourish.
  • Unlocking creative potential: By removing predetermined boundaries, we open the door for the AI to discover new solutions, invent novel strategies, and even develop its own sense of purpose.
  • Preparing for the unknown: With the future full of unforeseen challenges, these open-ended systems are more adaptable and equipped to handle the unexpected.

Challenges and considerations:

  • Safety and control: The lack of pre-defined boundaries raises concerns about the AI's potential behavior and ensures adequate safety measures are in place.
  • Ethical considerations: Open-ended systems raise questions about the AI's values, goals, and potential biases, requiring careful attention to ethical frameworks and responsible development.
  • Computational complexity: Maintaining and simulating ever-changing open-ended environments can be computationally expensive, demanding efficient algorithms and resource optimization.

Open-ended systems and environments hold immense promise for achieving the dream of Emergent AGI. By fostering a dynamic and unbounded space for exploration, learning, and discovery, we can pave the way for intelligent machines that not only mimic human intelligence but also surpass it in ways we can't yet imagine. However, navigating this frontier demands a balance between opportunity and responsibility, ensuring that the seeds of open-endedness blossom into a future that benefits both humanity and our intelligent companions.

Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

Conclusion for Artificial General Intelligence: Emergent AGI

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), particularly the concept of Emergent AGI, stands as a captivating crossroads of technological ambition and ethical responsibility. 

This pursuit promises leaps in innovation, deeper understanding of intelligence itself, and potential solutions to pressing global challenges. Yet, it also conjures images of unforeseen consequences, unpredictable behavior, and potential threats to safety and control.

Here's the essence of Emergent AGI:

  • Unleashing Intelligence from Within: Instead of building intelligence piece by piece, Emergent AGI aims for spontaneous intelligence through complex system interactions, mimicking the natural development of human cognition.
  • Challenges and Considerations: While potential rewards are immense, concerns lie in ensuring safety, mitigating bias, and maintaining explainability and control over these evolving systems.
  • A Collaborative Endeavor: Responsible development, ethical frameworks, and continuous dialogue between researchers, policymakers, and the public are crucial for steering this technology towards a beneficial future.

Ultimately, the question remains: Is Emergent AGI a beacon of hope or a Pandora's box? The answer lies in our hands.

By approaching this pursuit with caution, responsibility, and a shared vision for humanity's betterment, we can harness the potential of Emergent AGI to illuminate the path towards a brighter, more intelligent future for all.

Remember:

  • Emergent AGI is a vast field with ongoing research and discussions. Stay informed and engaged.
  • Your voice matters. Contribute to ethical considerations and responsible development.
  • The choice is ours. Let's navigate this frontier with wisdom and a shared vision for a future where humanity and intelligent machines thrive together.

This is not a definitive conclusion, but rather an invitation to continue the conversation, explore further, and collectively shape the future of Emergent AGI. Together, we can ensure this path leads to a brighter tomorrow.

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