Biomass Energy Europe Complete Review

 Biomass Energy Europe Complete Review

 Renewable Energy 


3 minutes read

What is Biomass Energy Europe

Biomass energy is the energy that is generated from organic materials, such as wood, crops, and agricultural waste. 

Europe has been a leader in the development and deployment of biomass energy technologies. In this review, we will explore the various aspects of biomass energy in Europe, including its sources, technology, policies, and challenges.

Sources of Biomass Energy in Europe

Europe has a diverse range of biomass resources, including wood, agricultural residues, energy crops, and municipal solid waste. Wood is the most significant source of biomass energy in Europe, accounting for more than 80% of the total biomass consumed. 

The use of wood for energy in Europe has a long history and is well established. Other sources of biomass energy, such as energy crops and agricultural residues, are also being used in Europe, although on a smaller scale.

Biomass Energy Technology

Biomass energy can be converted into heat, electricity, and transportation fuels. The most common technologies for biomass energy conversion are combustion, gasification, and anaerobic digestion. Combustion is the most widely used technology for biomass energy conversion in Europe, particularly for heat and electricity production. 

Gasification is another technology that is gaining popularity in Europe, particularly for the production of transportation fuels. Anaerobic digestion is mainly used for the production of biogas from organic waste.

Biomass Energy Policies

Europe has implemented a range of policies to promote the use of biomass energy. The Renewable Energy Directive (RED) is the most significant policy instrument for the promotion of renewable energy, including biomass energy, in Europe. 

The RED sets a target for the share of renewable energy in the final energy consumption of EU member states. In addition, the RED provides support mechanisms, such as feed-in tariffs and renewable energy certificates, to promote the deployment of biomass energy technologies. Other policies, such as the Biomass Action Plan, promote the sustainable use of biomass resources and the development of biomass supply chains.

Biomass Energy Europe  - Data

Here are some data points related to Biomass Energy in Europe:

Europe is the largest producer of biomass energy in the world, accounting for more than 50% of the world's total production.

The European Union (EU) has set a target of producing 32% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030, with biomass expected to play a significant role in achieving this goal.

In 2019, the total installed capacity of biomass power plants in the EU was approximately 25 GW.

The largest producers of biomass energy in Europe are Germany, the United Kingdom, and Italy.

The use of biomass for energy production in Europe has been growing steadily in recent years, with a compound annual growth rate of 8.6% between 2010 and 2019.

The primary sources of biomass used for energy production in Europe include wood pellets, waste materials, and agricultural residues.

The use of biomass energy in Europe is expected to continue to grow in the coming years, with projections suggesting that it could account for up to 20% of the EU's total energy consumption by 2020.

Biomass energy has been identified as a key element of the EU's strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating the effects of climate change.

The biomass energy industry in Europe provides employment for more than 300,000 people, with the potential for significant job growth in the future.

Challenges for Biomass Energy in Europe

Despite the significant progress made in the development and deployment of biomass energy technologies in Europe, there are still challenges that need to be addressed. One of the main challenges is the competition for biomass resources with other sectors, such as the paper and pulp industry. 

In addition, the sustainability of biomass production and use is a critical issue, particularly in relation to land use and the impact on biodiversity. Finally, the cost competitiveness of biomass energy compared to other forms of energy is also a challenge, particularly in the context of falling prices for renewable energy technologies, such as solar and wind power.


Biomass energy is an essential component of Europe's renewable energy mix. Europe has significant biomass resources, and the technology for biomass energy conversion is well established. 

However, there are still challenges that need to be addressed, particularly in relation to sustainability, resource competition, and cost competitiveness. Despite these challenges, biomass energy has the potential to contribute significantly to Europe's transition to a low-carbon economy.

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